FACT SHEET: U.S. Indo-Pacific Strategy

Read the full strategy here

“We envision an open, connected, prosperous, resilient and secure Indo-Pacific – and we stand ready to work with each of you to achieve it.”
President Joe Biden
East Asia Summit
October 27, 2021

The Biden-Harris administration has made historic progress in restoring American leadership in the Indo-Pacific and adapting its role for the 21st century. Over the past year, the United States has modernized longstanding alliances, strengthened emerging partnerships, and forged innovative ties among itself to address pressing challenges, from competition with China to climate change to the pandemic. . It did so at a time when its allies and partners around the world are increasingly strengthening their own engagement in the Indo-Pacific; and when there is broad bipartisan agreement in the US Congress that the United States should do it too. This convergence of commitment to the region, across oceans and political parties, reflects an undeniable reality: the Indo-Pacific is the most dynamic region in the world, and its future affects people everywhere.

This reality is the basis of the Indo-Pacific strategy of the United States. This strategy outlines President Biden’s vision to anchor the United States more firmly in the Indo-Pacific and strengthen the region in the process. Its central objective is sustained and creative collaboration with allies, partners and institutions, in the region and beyond.

The United States will pursue an Indo-Pacific region that is:


Our vital interests and those of our closest partners require a free and open Indo-Pacific, and a free and open Indo-Pacific requires governments to make their own choices and shared domains to be legally governed. Our strategy begins with building resilience, both within each country, as we have done in the United States, and between them. We will advance a free and open region, including by:

  • Invest in democratic institutions, a free press and a vibrant civil society
  • Improving budget transparency in the Indo-Pacific to expose corruption and drive reforms
  • Ensure that the seas and skies of the region are governed and used in accordance with international law
  • Advance common approaches to critical and emerging technologies, the Internet and cyberspace


A free and open Indo-Pacific can only be achieved if we build collective capacity for a new era. The alliances, organizations and rules that the United States and its partners have helped build must be adapted. We will build collective capacity within and beyond the region, including by:

  • Deepen our five regional treaty alliances with Australia, Japan, Republic of Korea (ROK), Philippines and Thailand
  • Strengthen relationships with key regional partners including India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, New Zealand, Singapore, Taiwan, Vietnam and the Pacific Islands
  • Contribute to a strengthened and unified ASEAN
  • Strengthen the Quad and keep its commitments
  • Support India’s continued growth and regional leadership
  • A partnership to build resilience in the Pacific Islands
  • Weaving links between the Indo-Pacific and the Euro-Atlantic
  • Expand U.S. diplomatic presence in the Indo-Pacific, particularly Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands


The prosperity of ordinary Americans is tied to the Indo-Pacific. This fact requires investments to encourage innovation, strengthen economic competitiveness, create well-paying jobs, rebuild supply chains and expand economic opportunities for middle-class families: 1.5 billion people in the Indo-Pacific will join the global middle class this decade. We will drive prosperity in the Indo-Pacific, including by:

  • Propose an Indo-Pacific economic framework, through which we will:
    • Develop new business approaches that meet high labor and environmental standards
    • Governing our digital economies and cross-border data flows according to open principles, including through a new digital economy framework
    • Advancing Resilient and Secure, Diverse, Open and Predictable Supply Chains
    • Make shared investments in decarbonization and clean energy
  • Promoting free, fair and open trade and investment through the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), including in our host year 2023
  • Closing the region’s infrastructure gap through Build Back Better World with G7 partners


For 75 years, the United States has maintained a strong and cohesive defense presence necessary to support regional peace, security, stability, and prosperity. We are expanding and modernizing this role and strengthening our capabilities to defend our interests and deter aggression against US territory and against our allies and partners. We will enhance Indo-Pacific security by drawing on all instruments of power to deter aggression and counter coercion, including by:

  • Advancing Integrated Deterrence
  • Deepen cooperation and improve interoperability with allies and partners
  • Maintaining peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait
  • Innovate to operate in rapidly changing threat environments, including space, cyberspace, and critical and emerging technology domains
  • Strengthen extensive deterrence and coordination with our allies in the Republic of Korea and Japan and pursue the full denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula
  • Continue to deliver on AUKUS
  • Expand U.S. Coast Guard presence and cooperation against other transnational threats
  • Work with Congress to fund the Pacific Deterrence Initiative and Maritime Security Initiative


The Indo-Pacific faces major transnational challenges. Climate change is getting worse as glaciers in South Asia melt and Pacific islands struggle with existential sea level rise. The COVID-19 pandemic continues to inflict a heavy human and economic toll in the region. And Indo-Pacific governments are grappling with natural disasters, resource scarcity, internal conflict and governance issues. Left unchecked, these forces threaten to destabilize the region. We will strengthen regional resilience until the 21sttransnational threats of the last century, in particular by:

  • Work with allies and partners to develop 2030 and 2050 goals, strategies, plans and policies consistent with limiting the global temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius
  • Reduce regional vulnerability to the impacts of climate change and environmental degradation
  • Ending the COVID-19 Pandemic and Strengthening Global Health Security


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