FACT SHEET: The U.S.-Palestine Relationship

Tomorrow, President Biden will announce a number of initiatives to support the Palestinian people by:

  • Improving access to health care and technology;
  • Deployment of long-awaited 4G digital connectivity in Gaza and the West Bank;
  • supporting economic growth;
  • Provide essential services to Palestinian refugees;
  • Reduce food insecurity;
  • Foster dialogue between peoples to support peace.

President Biden will also announce new contributions totaling $316 million to support the Palestinian people. This is in addition to the more than half a billion dollars the United States has provided to the Palestinian people since the Biden administration restored much-needed funding to the Palestinians.

Improving access to health care for Palestinians

  • During his visit to Augusta Victoria Hospital in East Jerusalem, the President will announce that the United States intends to provide a new multi-year American contribution of up to $100 million for the East Jerusalem Hospital Network (EJHN ), subject to Congressional approval. The EJHN is a consortium of six hospitals in East Jerusalem providing specialist services, including oncology, dialysis, neonatal intensive care and specialist maternity, ophthalmology and emergency services to 50,000 patients from East Jerusalem, West Bank and Gaza each year. Funding is provided by the US Agency for International Development (USAID) and coupled with health system and hospital reforms.

Strengthening the digital economy to improve Palestinian economic growth

  • To boost Palestinian businesses and improve connectivity for Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza, Israel has pledged to accelerate the long-awaited transformation from 3G to 4G in the West Bank and then from 2G to 4G in Gaza. Israeli and Palestinian teams will work together immediately to initiate technology studies, with the goal of deploying advanced infrastructure for 4G by the end of 2023. This engagement will accelerate digital transformation and foster a better-connected Palestinian economy. It will also generate jobs, increase productivity and increase online operations in the health and education sectors.

Improving travel experience from the West Bank to Jordan

  • President Biden supports the creation of a more self-sufficient, efficient and reliable Palestinian experience of foreign travel. He will announce that Israel is prepared to take steps to increase the efficiency and accessibility of the Allenby Bridge for the benefit of the Palestinians. In order to upgrade the facilities, Israel has agreed to allow 24/7 access by September 30, 2022. A working group will assess several measures, including the use of biometric passports, and will complete its assessments within the next month. and discuss findings with US partners. In addition, the task force will consider steps to establish the Palestinian Authority’s presence on the Allenby Bridge while maintaining Israel’s security considerations.

Support essential services for Palestinian refugees

  • The United States believes that Palestinian refugees deserve to live with dignity, to have their basic needs met, and to have hope for the future. President Biden will announce an additional $201 million for the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) to continue providing essential services to Palestinian refugees in the West Bank, Gaza, Jordan, the Lebanon and Syria. UNRWA’s comprehensive services remain a lifeline for millions of vulnerable Palestinians – in line with its mandate to provide assistance and protection to Palestinian refugees pending a just and lasting solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. These services contribute directly to maintaining regional stability, which benefits the interests of the United States, our allies, and our partners. This contribution cements the status of the United States as UNRWA’s largest donor. These new funds bring total U.S. assistance to UNRWA under the Biden administration to more than $618 million. The United States is committed to helping UNRWA provide the most effective and efficient assistance possible and to continuing to improve its operations and delivery. UNRWA’s work must be carried out in full respect of the UN principles of neutrality, tolerance, human rights, equity and non-discrimination.

Reviving Israeli-Palestinian Economic Discussions and Promoting Measures to Improve Lives

  • President Biden will share with President Abbas that Israel intends to convene the Joint Economic Committee with the Palestinians. The resumption of discussions through the Joint Economic Committee is a long-standing request of the Palestinian Authority. The committee last met in 2009 and is the entity mandated by the Oslo Accords for the Israeli government and the Palestinian Authority to meet to discuss common economic issues, including sewage, clean energy and other measures that impact the lives of Palestinians in the West Bank. President Biden also announced that Israel had agreed to increase to 15,500 the number of permits granted to Palestinians from Gaza to work and do business in Israel. The Biden administration strongly supports increased access and movement for Palestinians, and this is a positive step towards that goal. In addition, Israel agreed to approve the registration of 5,500 previously unregistered Palestinians in the Palestinian population register.

Ensuring food security for Palestinians

  • In response to growing Palestinian food insecurity following the Russian invasion of Ukraine, President Biden will announce that the United States is providing $15 million in additional humanitarian assistance to vulnerable Palestinians. With funding from the United Nations World Food Program and two nongovernmental organizations, the United States is providing electronic food stamps, general-purpose cash assistance, and emergency livelihood support, helping more than 210,000 people in food insecure to meet their household food needs in the coming months. This funding is part of President Biden’s pledge of additional U.S. government resources at the G7 leaders’ summit in Germany in late June to protect the world’s most vulnerable populations from an escalating global security crisis. eating.

Foster interpersonal ties

  • To build grassroots support for peace through an eventual negotiated two-state solution, President Biden will announce two new grants under the Nita M. Lowey Middle East Partnership for Peace Act (MEPPA) . The MEPPA authorizes up to $250 million over five years to implement projects led by both Israelis and Palestinians that establish the environment necessary to achieve long-term peace. First new grant, $2.21 million to the Peres Center for Peace, will support collaboration and professional exchange between the Palestinian and Israeli health sectors as they work to build mutual trust and understanding between the two companies. The second new grant, in the amount of $5 million to AppleSeeds, will offer young Palestinian and Israeli professionals the opportunity to work together and learn essential technology and leadership. For more information on these and other activities under MEPPA, please visit https://www.usaid.gov/west-bank-and-gaza/meppa.

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